Canada’s Mountains

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Canada’s vast area means it has many varying types of terrain, much of which is mountainous. The principal mountainous region is the Western Cordillera mountain system, or Cordilleran, located in western Canada in British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories. A second major mountain system in Canada is located along the north-eastern seaboard from Ellesmere Island down through to the Torngat Mountains of Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador. A third system of significance is the Appalachians which cross much of eastern Canada.

Canada’s Mountains

Author: Wayne S. Grazio – flickr.com

The following list of mountains and heights provides the highest point, as well as other high points for commonly recognized ranges of mountains and hills. All named peaks of 3,300 metres or more are listed. Where mountains occur on inter-provincial boundaries, they are listed for each province that forms part of the boundary.

Heights listed in the tables below were taken from spot heights given on the most recent 1:50 000 maps, or were interpolated using the contours on these maps. These heights were then checked by the Geodetic Survey Division, Natural Resources Canada for accuracy. Heights are given in metres. All names are official and can be found in the Canadian Geographical Names Data Base maintained by the Geographical Names Board of Canada.

List of Principal Heights and Elevations by Province and Territory:

  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Nova Scotia
  • Prince Edward Island
  • New Brunswick
  • Quebec
  • Ontario
  • Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan
  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Yukon Territory
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nunavut

Newfoundland and Labrador

Long Range Mountains
Mountain Elevation (metres)
Highest point of Lewis Hills (48° 50′ N, 58° 29′ W, highest point on Island of Newfoundland) 814
Gros Morne 806
Mealy Mountains
Mountain Elevation (metres)
Unnamed peak (53° 37′ N, 58° 33′ W) 1176
Kaumajet Mountains
Mountain Elevation (metres)
Bishops Mitre 1113
Torngat Mountains
Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mount Caubvick (highest point in Newfoundland and Labrador; on Newfoundland and Labrador – Quebec boundary; known in Quebec as Mont D’Iberville, 58° 53′ N, 63° 43′ W) 1652
Torngarsoak Mountain 1595
Cirque Mountain 1568
Mount Erhart 1539
Jens Haven 1531
Innuit Mountain 1509
Packard Mountain 1478
Mount Cladonia 1452
Mount Silene 1448
Starshape Mountain 1417
Mount Eliot 1388
Selamiut Tower 1387
Mount Tetragona 1356
Mount Faunce 1295
Korok Mountain (on Newfoundland and Labrador – Quebec boundary) 1204

Nova Scotia

Mountain Elevation (metres) Details
White Hill 532 Highest point of Cape Breton Highlands, and highest point in Nova Scotia, 46° 42′ N, 60° 36′ W
Nuttby Mountain 360 Highest point in Cobequid Hills
Higgins Mountain 355 Cobequid Hills
Dalhousie Mountain 335 Cobequid Hills
Highest point on North Mountain 235 45° 06′ N, 64° 45′ W

Prince Edward Island

Attribute Details
Mountain Highest point in Prince Edward Island
Elevation (metres) 142
Coordinates 46° 20′ N, 63° 25′ W

New Brunswick

Highlands in North-Central Part of New Brunswick

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Mount Carleton 817 47° 23′ N, 66° 53′ W
Mount Edward 800
Mount Head 800
Nalaisk Mountain 785
Sagamook Mountain 785

Highlands near the Bay of Fundy

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Highest point in Prince Edward Island 419 46° 20′ N, 63° 25′ W

Quebec

Monts Torngat Mountains

Mountain Elevation (metres) Notes
Mont D’Iberville 1,652 Highest point in Quebec; on Newfoundland and Labrador – Quebec boundary, known in Newfoundland and Labrador as Mount Caubvick, 58° 53′ N, 63° 43′ W
Mont Jacques-Rousseau 1,261
Korok Mountain 1,204 On Newfoundland and Labrador – Quebec boundary

Appalachian Mountains in Quebec

Mountain Elevation (metres) Sub-range / Notes
Mont Jacques-Cartier 1,268 Monts Chic-Chocs
Mont de la Passe 1,242 Monts Chic-Chocs
Les Cones 1,196 Monts Chic-Chocs
Mont Gosford 1,193
Mont Richardson 1,181 Monts Chic-Chocs
Mont Albert 1,181 Monts Chic-Chocs
Mont Logan 1,151 Monts Chic-Chocs
Mont Xalibu 1,135 Monts Chic-Chocs
Mont Mégantic 1,112
Monts Sutton : Sommet Rond 962
Mont Saint-Magloire 915
Mont Orford 851

Laurentian Mountains

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mont Raoul-Blanchard 1,181
Mont Belle Fontaine 1,151
Mont de la Québécoise 1,120
Mont Tremblant 968
Mont Sainte-Anne 800
Mont Sir-Wilfrid 783

Monts Otish Mountain

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mont Yapeitso 1,135

Monts Groulx Mountains

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mont Veyrier 1,104
Mont Lucie 1,095

Monts de Puvirnituq Mountain

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Unnamed peak 693 61° 38′ N, 72° 44′ W

Collines Montérégiennes Mountains

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mont Brome 554
Mont Shefford 525
Mont Yamaska 415
Mont Saint-Hilaire 408
Mont Rougemont 396
Mont Saint-Grégoire 396
Mont Royal 233
Mont Saint-Bruno 213

Ontario

Location Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Ishpatina Ridge (highest point in Ontario) 693 47° 19′ N, 80° 44′ W
Highest point of hills northwest of Thunder Bay 678 48° 21′ N, 90° 01′ W
Ogidaki Mountain 665
Batchawana Mountain 653
Tip Top Mountain 640
Highest point along Niagara Escarpment 535 44° 23′ N, 80° 14′ W

Manitoba

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Baldy Mountain (highest point in Manitoba) 832 51° 28′ N, 100° 43′ W
Hart Mountain (highest point in Porcupine Hills) 823
Riding Mountain 610

Saskatchewan

Location Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Cypress Hills (highest point in Saskatchewan) 1,392 49° 33′ N, 109° 59′ W; highest point in Saskatchewan
Wood Mountain 1,013
Highest point of Pasquia Hills 828 53° 55′ N, 102° 48′ W
Highest point of Vermilion Hills 785

Alberta

Mountain Elevation (metres) Details
Mount Columbia 3,747 Highest point in Alberta, on Alberta – British Columbia boundary, 52° 09′ N, 117° 27′ W
North Twin 3,733
Mount Alberta 3,620
Mount Assiniboine 3,618 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Forbes 3,612
South Twin 3,581
Mount Temple 3,547
Mount Brazeau 3,525
Snow Dome 3,520 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Lyell 3,504 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Athabasca 3,491
Mount King Edward 3,490 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Kitchener 3,490
Mount Victoria 3,464 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Woolley 3,460
Stutfield Peak 3,459
Mount Andromeda 3,442
Mount Joffre 3,429 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Lefroy 3,429
Deltaform Mountain 3,424
Diadem Peak 3,420
Mount Sir Douglas 3,406
Lunette Peak 3,399
Mount Alexandra 3,399
Mount Hector 3,394
Mount Fryatt 3,380
Mount Warren 3,375
Mount Willingdon 3,373
Mount Edith Cavell 3,368
Sunwapta Peak 3,360
Mount Saskatchewan 3,344
Poboktan Mountain 3,340
Mount Barnard 3,339 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Eon Mountain 3,338 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Simon Peak 3,338 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Amery 3,336
Mount Freshfield 3,336 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Cataract Peak 3,333
Mount Murchison 3,333
Mount Chown 3,331
Mount Bulyea 3,322 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Henry MacLeod 3,315
Mount Stewart 3,312
Mount St. Bride 3,312
Mount Chephren 3,312
Mount Ball 3,307 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Hooker 3,307
Mount Unwin 3,300
Tornado Mountain 3,099
Cascade Mountain 2,999
Mount Rundle 2,999

 

Canadian Mountains

Author : Lucian Savluc – flickr.com

Other High Points in Alberta

Mountain/High Point Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Highest Point of Cypress Hills 1,468 49° 38′ N, 110° 22′ W
Highest Point of Swan Hills 1,379 54° 45′ N, 116° 01′ W
Highest Point of Caribou Mountains 1,006 59° 11′ N, 115° 35′ W
Highest Point of Buffalo Head Hills 915 57°51′ N, 115° 55′ W

British Columbia

Mountain Elevation (metres) Details
Mount Robson 3,954
Mount Columbia 3,747 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Clemenceau 3,642
Mount Assiniboine 3,618 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Goodsir: North Tower 3,581
Mount Goodsir: South Tower 3,520
Snow Dome 3,520 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Bryce 3,507
Mount Lyell 3,504 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Hungabee Mountain 3,492 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount King Edward 3,490 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Victoria 3,464 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Joffre 3,429 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Lefroy 3,429 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Resplendent Mountain 3,426
Deltaform Mountain 3,424 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount King George 3,422
Mount Sir Douglas 3,406 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Alexandra 3,399 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Tsar Mountain 3,399
Whitehorn Mountain 3,395
Mount Harrison 3,368
Tusk Peak 3,368
Mount Barnard 3,339 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Mummery 3,338
Mount Shackleton 3,338
Eon Mountain 3,338 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Simon Peak 3,338 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Freshfield 3,336 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Bulyea 3,322 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Mount Vaux 3,307
Mount Ball 3,307 On Alberta – British Columbia boundary
Turret Mountain 3,300
Mount Ulysses 3,024

Purcell Mountains Peaks

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mount Farnham 3,481
Mount Jumbo 3,429
Howser Spire 3,399
Mount Delphine 3,399
Eyebrow Peak 3,368
Mount Hammond 3,368
Mount Peter 3,338
Mount Nelson 3,307

Selkirk Mountains Peaks

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mount Sir Sandford 3,522
Mount Dawson 3,399
Mount Selwyn 3,368
Mount Wheeler 3,307
Adamant Mountain 3,307
Grand Mountain 3,300
Mount Sir Donald 3,297

Monashee Mountains Peak

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Torii Mountain 3,429

Cariboo Mountains Peaks

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mount Sir Wilfrid Laurier 3,520
Mount Sir John Abbott 3,411

Coast Mountains Peaks

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mount Waddington 4,015
Mount Tiedemann 3,848
Combatant Mountain 3,756
Asperity Mountain 3,716
Serra Peaks 3,642
Monarch Mountain 3,459
Mount Munday 3,367
Spearman Peak 3,365
Mount Queen Bess 3,313
Mount Ratz 3,136
Atna Peak 2,755
Seven Sisters Peak 2,755
Mount Pattullo 2,733

Cassiar Mountains Peaks

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Thudaka Peak 2,751
Sharktooth Mountain 2,667

Vancouver Island Ranges Peak

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Elkhorn Mountain 2,210

Queen Charlotte Mountains Peak

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mount Moresby 1,143

St. Elias Mountains Peaks

Mountain Elevation (metres) Location
Fairweather Mountain 4,663 Highest point in British Columbia, on Alaska – British Columbia border, 58° 54′ N, 137° 31′ W
Mount Quincy Adams 4,133 On Alaska – British Columbia border
Mount Root 3,901 On Alaska – British Columbia border

Yukon

Mountain Elevation (metres) Details
Mount Logan 5,959 Highest point in Yukon and in Canada, 60° 34′ N, 140° 23′ W
Mount St. Elias 5,488 On Alaska – Yukon border
Mount Lucania 5,226
King Peak 5,173
Mount Steele 5,067
Mount Wood 4,838
Mount Vancouver 4,785 On Alaska – Yukon border
Mount Slaggard 4,742
Mount MacAuley 4,700
Mount Hubbard 4,577 On Alaska – Yukon border
Mount Walsh 4,507
Mount Alverstone 4,439
McArthur Peak 4,344
Mount Augusta 4,289 On Alaska – Yukon border
Mount Strickland 4,260
Mount Kennedy 4,235
Mount Newton 4,210
Mount Cook 4,194 On Alaska – Yukon border
Snowfield Peak 4,060
Mount Craig 4,039
Avalanche Peak 4,028
Mount Harrison 3,940
Mount Queen Mary 3,928
Centennial Peak 3,820
Mount Quebec 3,780
Mount Malaspina 3,776
Mount King George 3,741
Mount Ontario 3,700
Mount Prince Edward Island 3,700
Pinnacle Peak 3,700
Mount Badham 3,670
Mount Foster 3,660
Mount Bering 3,620
Mount Jeannette 3,620
Donjek Peak 3,580
Mount Newfoundland 3,580
The Weisshorn 3,551
Mount Baird 3,500
Mount Moffat 3,500
Mount Saskatchewan 3,500
Mount Hickson 3,420
Mount New Brunswick 3,420
Mount Patterson 3,420
Mount Sampson 3,380
Mount Alberta 3,340
Mount Eaton 3,340
Mount Nova Scotia 3,340
Mount Yukon 3,340
Mount Coleman 3,300
Mount Manitoba 3,300
Mount Northwest 3,300
Mount British Columbia 3,100
Mount Seattle 3,069 On Alaska – Yukon border

 

Yukon, Canada

Author : GRID-Arendal – flickr

Mackenzie Mountains Peak

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Keele Peak 2,952

Ogilvie Mountains Peaks

Mountain Elevation (metres)
Mount MacDonald 2,758
Mount Frank Rae 2,362

Pelly Mountains Peaks

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Fox Mountain 2,404
Unnamed peak 2,330 61° 21′ N, 130° 30′ W

Richardson Mountains Peak

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Unnamed peak 1,722 67° 59′ N, 136° 35′ W

Northwest Territories

Mackenzie Mountains

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Unnamed peak (highest point in Northwest Territories) 2,773 61° 52′ N 127° 42′ W
Mount Sir James MacBrien 2,762
Cap Mountain 1,577
Mount Clark 1,462
Pointed Mountain 1,405
Nahanni Butte 1,395

Melville Island

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Unnamed peak 776 75° 25’N, 114° 47’W

Banks Island

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Durham Heights 732

Victoria Island

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Unnamed peak 655 71° 51’N, 112° 36’W

Nunavut

Melville Hills

Mountain Elevation (metres) Coordinates
Unnamed peak (highest point on mainland part of Nunavut) 693 67° 59′ N, 119° 47′ W

Southampton Island

Unnamed peak 625 64° 44′ N, 83° 10′ W

Baffin Island

Mount Odin 2,143
Unnamed peak 2,140 66° 49′ N, 65° 20′ W
Qiajivik Mountain 1,963
Kisimngiuqtuq Peak 1,905
Mount Thule 1,711
Cockscomb Mountain 1,625
Unnamed peak 1,350 73°16′ N, 83°07′ W
Unnamed peak 1,295 64° 07′ N, 65° 47′ W

Bylot Island

Malik Mountain 1,905

Devon Island

Summit of Devon Ice Cap 1,908 75° 21′ N, 82° 10′ W

Heiberg Island

Outlook Peak 2,210

Ellesmere Island

Barbeau Peak (highest point in Nunavut) 2,616 81° 56′ N, 75° 00′ W
Unnamed peak 2,347 78° 48′ N, 79° 34′ W
Unnamed peak 2,201 80° 17′ N, 75° 05′ W
Summit of Sydkap Ice Cap 1,905

Conclusion

Canada’s vast expanse is a tapestry of diverse landscapes, from the rugged peaks of the Western Cordillera to the serene shores of the northeastern seaboard and the rolling hills of the Appalachians in the east. The highest peaks in Canada stand as sentinels of nature’s grandeur, with the towering Mount Logan in Yukon reigning supreme at a staggering altitude of 5,959 meters, a testament to the country’s awe-inspiring natural beauty. Alberta’s skyline is adorned with majestic peaks, with Mount Columbia proudly soaring above the rest at 3,747 meters, symbolizing the province’s rugged spirit and towering ambition. British Columbia boasts the iconic Mount Robson, standing tall at 3,954 meters, casting a majestic silhouette against the backdrop of the Canadian Rockies, a beacon of the province’s natural splendor. In Newfoundland and Labrador, the Torngat Mountains rise in solemn grandeur, with Mount Caubvick reaching a zenith of 1,652 meters, a testament to the province’s untamed beauty and rugged charm.

FAQs

What is the highest peak in Canada?

Mount Logan in Yukon, with an altitude of 5,959 meters, holds the title of the highest peak in Canada.

Where is Mount Columbia located?

Mount Columbia, standing at 3,747 meters, is situated in the province of Alberta.

Which province is home to Mount Robson?

Mount Robson, towering at 3,954 meters, is located in British Columbia.

What is the significance of Mount Caubvick?

Mount Caubvick, with an elevation of 1,652 meters, is the highest point in Newfoundland and Labrador.